The fertile crescent was in the middle east. It’s famous for some of the first civilizations springing up there during the agricultural revolution around 6000 BC. Mesopotamia is one of the most famous there. Places like Sumer and Assyria were part of Mesopotamian civilizations. The fertile crescent was between the rivers Tigris and Euphrates. The two rivers made the soil there very fertile and gave a good water supply. Ancient cities often sprouted up in places rich in resources like water. They grew grain in the fertile crescent and also had livestock like cows, sheep, goats and pigs native to the area. Horses were nearby also. Inventions like the wheel, irrigation and writing also developed there! The word Mesopotamia means “between the rivers”. It covered modern day Iraq.